Antiepileptics – Summary

Antiepileptics – Summary
Drugs used in the Treatment and Prophylaxis of Epilepsy (Antiepileptics)

Epilepsy is a chronic brain disease of diverse etiology; it is characterized by recurrent paroxysmal episodes of uncontrolled excitation of brain neurons. Involving larger or smaller parts of the brain,…

Continue Reading Antiepileptics – Summary

Antiparkinsonian Drugs – Summary

Antiparkinsonian Drugs – Summary
Antiparkinsonian drugs

Parkinson’s disease (shaking palsy) and its syndromal forms are caused by a degeneration of nigrostriatal dopamine neurons. Pharmacotherapeutic measures are aimed at restoring dopaminergic function or suppressing cholinergic hyperactivity.

Continue Reading Antiparkinsonian Drugs – Summary

Vertigo Algorithm and Differential Diagnosis

  • Post category:Neurology

The Approach (Questions): Is the dizziness true vertigo? If so, is it central or peripheral vertigo? Is the vertigo intermittent - likely benign? Constant vertigo is either acute peripheral vestibulopathy (APV) or a posterior circulation/cerebellar CVA

Continue Reading Vertigo Algorithm and Differential Diagnosis

Headache Algorithm

  • Post category:Neurology

Emergency department evaluation relies on excluding life-threatening causes of Headache (killers), specifically SAH and meningitis. Then consider other serious causes of headache that can debilitate the patient (the maimers). When these have been excluded, we can then diagnose primary headache syndromes.

Continue Reading Headache Algorithm

Diagnosing and Treating Meningitis

  • Post category:Neurology

Meningitis can be caused by infectious or noninfectious etiologies. Noninfectious etiologies of meningitis include: malignancyautoimmune conditionsmedicationstraumaiatrogenic procedures. Infectious meningitis can be caused by a variety of bacterial, viral, fungal, and…

Continue Reading Diagnosing and Treating Meningitis

Imitators of Acute Stroke

  • Post category:Neurology

Acute Stroke mimics, or nonvascular disorders that produce focal neurologic deficits, often confound the diagnosis of acute ischemic stroke. As many as 20% to 25% of suspected acute stroke presentations…

Continue Reading Imitators of Acute Stroke

Atypical Causes of Status Epilepticus

  • Post category:Neurology

The definition of status epilepticus has evolved as understanding of its potential sequelae has increased. Before examining the different causes of generalized convulsive status epilepticus (GCSE), it is important to…

Continue Reading Atypical Causes of Status Epilepticus