Cough and Hemoptysis – Differential Diagnosis, Examination and Investigations

Cough and Hemoptysis – Differential Diagnosis, Examination and Investigations
The Causes of Haemoptysis
  • Post category:Pulmonology

Coughing is a nonspecific reaction to irritation anywhere in the respiratory tract from the pharynx to the lungs, and it is the most common manifestation of lower respiratory tract disease. Any cough that persists for over 3 weeks merits further investigation in the absence of an obvious cause.

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Hemoptysis – Causes, Evaluation and Management

Hemoptysis – Causes, Evaluation and Management
Hemoptysis Differential Diagnosis
  • Post category:Pulmonology

Hemoptysis is the expectoration of blood from a subglottic source. Massive hemoptysis accounts for ~5% to 15% of cases and is often described as more than 600 mL of blood in a 24-hour period.

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Evaluation and Management of Sarcoidosis

  • Post category:Pulmonology

Sarcoidosis is a multisystem granulomatous disorder that is characterized by noncaseating granulomas. Pulmonary involvement is the most common manifestation, but extrapulmonary manifestations are seen in up to 30% of patients.

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Acute Illnesses that Lead to Rapid Deterioration in Pulmonary Hypertension

  • Post category:Pulmonology

Sudden deterioration in RV function can rapidly lead to shock, cardiovascular collapse, and death. In the ED, it is important to rapidly recognize and treat common precipitants of acute decompensation. These include sepsis, tachyarrhythmias, hypoxia, pulmonary embolism (PE), and the abrupt withdrawal of vasodilator medications.

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