Benzodiazepines – Summary

Benzodiazepines – Summary
Biotransformation and Rate of Elimination od Benzodiazepines

Benzodiazepines modify affective responses to sensory perceptions; specifically, they render a subject indifferent towards anxiogenic stimuli, i.e., anxiolytic action. Furthermore, benzodiazepines exert sedating, anticonvulsant, and muscle-relaxant (myotonolytic) effects.

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Acute Scrotum Algorithm

Acute Scrotum Algorithm
Acute Scrotum Algorithm

The general approach to acute scrotal pain is to work-up the patient for testicular torsion by first risk stratifying them based on age group, history and physical.Based on the patient's…

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Know the Mimics of Ventricular Tachycardia

Know the Mimics of Ventricular Tachycardia
The differential diagnosis of Wide Complex Tachycardia

Ventricular tachycardia is a wide complex tachycardia (WCT) that is typically associated with coronary artery disease or other significant heart disease. The rapid rate, often in conjunction with poor baseline…

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Antiepileptics – Summary

Antiepileptics – Summary
Drugs used in the Treatment and Prophylaxis of Epilepsy (Antiepileptics)

Epilepsy is a chronic brain disease of diverse etiology; it is characterized by recurrent paroxysmal episodes of uncontrolled excitation of brain neurons. Involving larger or smaller parts of the brain,…

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Pregnant Vaginal Bleeding Algorithm

  • Post category:Gynaecology

1. General Approach and Resuscitation General Start with initial resuscitation and ABCs depending on stability of the patientThen rule-out ectopic pregnancy using pelvic ultrasound and HCG levelIf ultrasound shows Intrauterine…

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Never Mistake Ventricular Tachycardia for Supraventricular Tachycardia with Aberrant Conduction

Never Mistake Ventricular Tachycardia for Supraventricular Tachycardia with Aberrant Conduction
Criteria for Discriminating Ventricular Tachycardia from SVT with Aberration

It can be especially difficult to distinguish between ventricular tachycardia (VT) and supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) with aberrant conduction. Fortunately, if the patient is unstable, the initial treatment for both rhythms is synchronized electrical cardioversion.

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Antiparkinsonian Drugs – Summary

Antiparkinsonian Drugs – Summary
Antiparkinsonian drugs

Parkinson’s disease (shaking palsy) and its syndromal forms are caused by a degeneration of nigrostriatal dopamine neurons. Pharmacotherapeutic measures are aimed at restoring dopaminergic function or suppressing cholinergic hyperactivity.

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Antidiarrheal Agents

Many bacteria (e.g., Vibrio cholerae) secrete toxins that inhibit the ability of mucosal enterocytes to absorb NaCl and water and, at the same time, stimulate mucosal secretory activity. Bacteria or…

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